The reoccurring question of choice is highlighted in this scenario through, what I consider to be, two possible paths to aid our evolution. The first is the vision of genetic manipulation in a eugenics vein, whereby we carry on designing our environment, lifestyles and ourselves in a similar way we do now. Predominantly, Gray best describes this in his opening quote, where we are biased by our primate origins with the effect of controlling, fearing and destroying anything that stands in our way. Largely our idea of ourselves is outside of the rest of the animal kingdom and our health care approach is to irradiate biological systems and deny our species co-evolution in an ecological web with other organisms. Our use of antibiotics is an example of this denial in action where we destroy all microbes in our path whether they are hostile, friendly or essential to us. Captivated by the early success of antibiotic development we built all contemporary medicine on its use, but now bacteria, viruses and other microbes have evolved to be resistant to these antibiotics, creating superbugs like MRSA and we find ourselves with a time bomb and the possibility of a life-expectancy crash. Have we lost touch of who we are? What is the alternative to our current approach?